The Papilionidea family consists of at least 550 species; including the swallowtails and parnassians. Forty species occur in North America.Papilionidea typically have slow wing beats, but they can travel remarkably fast.
These butterflies have smooth, hairless eyes, short antennae with well-developed, elongated clubs, and three fully-developed pairs of walking legs.
Parnassians or Apollos (Parnassiinae)
Five species of this subfamily occur in North America. Most species inhabit alpine areas.
Many swallowtail species, especially in the tropics, mimic other butterflies that are distasteful, while others are distasteful and cause birds and other vertebrate predators to regurgitate.
These are medium-sized, tailless butterflies with black wing markings and (usually) red eyespots on the hindwings. The outer borders of the wings are semitransparent due to lack of scales.
Dicentra (bleeding heart)Many species of, Sedum (stonecrop).
Many swallowtails are large and colorful and recognizable even to non-specialists. The name “swallowtail” refers to a tail-like extension on the edge of the hindwing that is found in many, though not all, papilionids. Also, Swallowtails also have an orange eyespot at the base of each hindwing tail and orange and blue spots on the ventral hindwings.
The larvae feed on plants in the following families: Rosaceae, cumin, carrot, coriander, cilantro, dill, caraway, fennel, parsnip, celery, Queen Anne’s Lace and other relatives, Aristolochiaceae, Lauraceae, and Annonaceae .